Q. Which of the following countries have achieved a negative growth rate of population?  

Australia, Canada and Sweden  
U.K., Sweden and Germany  
France, Italy and Ireland  
Japan, U.S.A. and Russia  
Australia, Canada and Sweden have achieved a negative growth rate of population. This negative or zero natural population growth means that these countries have more deaths than births or an even number of deaths and births; this figure does not include the effects of immigration or emigration.